Toilet infection is a misconstrued term for Vulvovaginitis which is popular among women. Read further for the list of drugs used for toilet infections in Nigeria.
It is a term used to explain the abnormal vagina discharge, itching, swelling, and burning in a lady. Many people believe that these infections are a result of using dirty toilets or public toilets.
However, this is not entirely true though it is unsafe and not a good hygiene practice to use dirty toilets. The name toilet infection became popular because infected persons have pains when urinating.
Toilet infection can be caused for several reasons. It can be a result of dirty under-wears, use of medicated soap or antiseptics to wash the vagina, use of antibiotics, changes in hormones, irritation, and many more.
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Types of Vagina Infection
This is a vagina infection common in women. This happens as a result of the imbalance of the bacteria in the vagina. However, it is not a sexually transmitted disease despite having symptoms similar to one.
It is caused by having a high proportion of harmful bacteria growing in the vagina. This happens when the vagina environment becomes more acidic as a result low number of lactobacillus, a bacteria responsible for keeping the vagina environment less acidic.
Causes of Bacterial Vaginosis
- Douching: This involves washing the vagina with a mixture of vinegar and water. This is harmful to the vagina because it gets rid of the good bacteria and exposes the vagina to infection.
- Sexual activity with multiple partners can increase the chances of one getting BV. However, it is not a sexually transmitted disease.
- Having sex without the use of a condom.
An infected pregnant person has a high risk of complications with the pregnancy. Also, BV increases the chance of contracting sexually transmitted diseases.
It is important to know also that one cannot get infected with BV from toilets.
Bacterial Vaginosis in males does not require much treatment compared to females.
Symptoms of Bacterial Vaginosis
The symptoms listed below are common to a person having BV but a medical doctor’s diagnosis is a final confirmation as to whether such a person has BV.
- A foul smell similar to the smell of a fish especially after sex
- A discharge whose color can be gray or thin white
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Frequent itching
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Yeast Infection is another common vaginal infection among women. It also affects men but less when compared to women. According to statistics, 7 women out of 10 women are likely to have a yeast infection.
Also, Yeast infection is a sexually transmitted disease and is not contagious. However, one can get it through sexual intercourse with the infected person.
The vagina environment is made up of bacteria and fungi. Yeast Infection occurs when the growth of the fungi, Candida is not kept in check. The bacteria responsible for creating the balance of the growth of Candida fungus is lactobacillus.
Causes of Yeast Infection
The imbalances growth of the Candida fungus Ft be caused by
- The use of contraceptives may cause changes in the hormones which can trigger exponential growth of the Candida fungus.
- The use of certain antibiotics may as well get rid of the healthy bacteria and lead to the increase of the Candida fungus.
- It is also possible to have a yeast infection during pregnancy. The hormone changes may cause the death of some of the lactobacillus bacteria
- Douching can also be a cause yeast infection
- Diabetes when not properly managed can be a cause.
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Symptoms of Yeast Infection
- Swollen vulva
- Pains during sex
- The vagina becomes red and swollen
- White vaginal discharge which is odorless unlike the fishy smell in the case of BV infection
- Discomfort when urinating
Symptoms of Yeast Infection in Men
Some of the symptoms of yeast infection in men are:
- Burning sensation when urinating
- Redness around the penis area
Yeast infection in men is commonly referred to as penile yeast infection.
Common Drugs Used for Toilet Infection in Nigeria
Below is a list of common drugs used for toilet infection in Nigeria:
- Metronidazole (e.g Klovinal, Unigyl).
- Boric Acid
However, this is not a substitute for diagnosis by a medical doctor. It is just a compilation of drugs used in the treatment of the infection. An infected person will still need to see a medical doctor to help ascertain what kind of infection he or she has and what treatment is required.
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Metronidazole is an antibiotic drug used to treat bacterial infections. It can be in the form of a tablet, capsule, cream, gel, or injection. Metronidazole can be used in the treatment of BV. It helps to get a stop to the imbalanced growth of the bacteria causing harm.
The side effects are:
- Slight headache
Metronidazole is not advisable for pregnant women. Also, it is not advisable to be used if one has taken alcohol recently or used disulfiram.
In addition, it is not recommended for any patient with any issue of underlying health cases.
Levofloxacin is also one of the drugs used in the treatment of bacterial infections. It belongs to the family of fluoroquinolone drugs. In addition, it is used majorly for extreme cases of infections as it is a very powerful drug with serious side effects.
The sides effects are:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Sore throat
- Skin rash
- Swelling of the face
Clindamycin is an antibiotic drug used to treat bacterial infections. It is usually recommended for serious cases of bacterial infections.
Diarrhea is the major side effect experienced in the use of this drug.
Fluconazole is a drug used to treat yeast infections. It can be in the form of a tablet or a suspension. Also, Fluconazole can be injected into the body. It helps stops the reproduction of the candida fungus in the body thereby creating a balance between the bacteria and the fungi organisms in the vagina.
The side effects of the drug are:
- Loss of taste
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abdominal pain
Also, It is not suitable for a patient with liver disease and adrenal gland problems.
Boric Acid (BoriCap)
It can be used in the treatment of reoccurring yeast infections. this is applied by inserting it into the vagina.
The side effects are:
- Redness of the vagina
- Burning sensation after use
However, It is not advisable for use by pregnant women.
Miconazole comes in two forms: a cream and a tablet, it is used in the treatment of yeast infection. It is an azole antifungal drug.
It is used in the treatment of bacterial infections. It belongs to the group of quinolone antibiotics.
Final Notes on Drugs Used for Toilet Infection in Nigeria
Toilet infection is a common scenario among females. There is a high tendency for a female to have one infection especially after reaching the puberty stage.
However, good hygiene practices, protective sex, and prescribed drugs can help to manage, control, and prevent the occurrence of the infection.
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