The article provides a list of career opportunities in physics, a description of each career, and a sneak peek into how much you can make monthly or yearly with these jobs.
Brief Introduction to Physics
Physics is the natural science that investigates matter, its fundamental constituents, its motion and behavior in space and time, as well as the related entities of energy and force.
Physics is a fundamental scientific discipline whose primary goal is to understand how the universe works. In addition, physics is simply the fundamental scientific discipline whose primary goal is to understand how the universe works.
The term “physics” derives from the Ancient Greek word φσις, romanized: Physik (episteme), which means “knowledge of nature.”
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Career Opportunities in Physics
Physics is an intriguing subject with exciting career opportunities for those who are interested. Students who earn a Bachelor of Science in Physics or Engineering Physics can work in research and development, science, engineering, and education
Current students can take advantage of the numerous research and internship opportunities available to help them prepare for their desired careers. Listed below are fifteen career opportunities in physics:
- Accelerator Operator
- Computer Scientist
- Technical Writer
- Lab Technician
- Data Scientist
- Laser Engineer
- Optical Engineer
- Research Associate
- Gravity Researcher
- Process Engineer
- Aerospace Engineer
- Professor Jobs
Accelerator operators use accelerator machines to study and research atomic particles. Their job is to stay current on all of the latest machines, technology, and maintenance. A BSc in physics is the entry-level degree required to work as an accelerator operator. They may also consider earning a master’s degree to improve their chances of employment and advancement.
To strengthen their foundation, take courses in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Following graduation, look for internships and entry-level positions in laboratory settings to gain experience with digital electronics, computer controls, and proper laboratory etiquette. Focus on learning how to adjust the machine, calibrate the systems, problem-solve, work as a team, and analyze results during this time to gain more skills and expertise.
In the United States of America, the Average Salary of an Accelerator Operator is $114,000 a year. However, in Nigeria, the salary of an accelerator operator ranges between N334,000 and N1,090,000.
Physics majors make excellent computer scientists, who are in charge of applying computing principles to solve scientific problems (read: heat transfer, air turbulence, etc.).
The Salary of a Computer Scientist in Nigeria ranges between N200,000 and N1,000,000 per month. However, in the United States of America, the average Computer Scientist earns up to $109,000 per year.
A technical writer writes about scientific research and technology for the benefit of those who use it. A physics degree can thus help them understand the materials they’re writing about.
Technical Writers can earn between N150,000 to N400,000 in Nigeria. However, in the United States of America, an average Technical Writer earns up to $68,000 per year.
An astronomer is a scientist who studies astronomy and focuses on a specific question or field outside the scope of Earth. They study astronomical objects such as stars, planets, moons, comets, and galaxies through observational (data analysis) or theoretical astronomy. Planetary science, solar astronomy, the origin or evolution of stars, and the formation of galaxies are some of the topics or fields studied by astronomers.
Astronomers use space telescopes and satellites to study the stars, planets, and galaxies and, with that information they gain, develop theories about how they all evolve. Astronomers typically work for government research organizations, spending the majority of their time in observatories.
In Nigeria, the average salary of an Astronomer is within the range of N50,000 to N200,000. However, an average astronomer in the United States of America earns up to $117,000 per year.
A medical lab technician examines bodily fluids and tissues in order to properly diagnose and treat medical conditions. A medical lab technician, for example, might examine the tissue under a microscope to detect cancer cells or other abnormalities.
They may also check blood types before transfusions or test urine samples for drugs. Lab technicians and assistants work in scientific research laboratories or in school laboratories to assist with science experiments.
A physics diploma qualifies one to work as a lab technician. The plus side is that you can continue your education while working, allowing you to advance in your career by taking relevant courses.
Lab technicians earn within N170,000 to N1,200,000 on average in Nigeria. In the United States of America, Lab Technicians earn up to $50,000 on average.
They are in charge of inventing and designing novel approaches to computing technology, as well as discovering new and innovative applications for our existing technology. While most data scientists hold advanced degrees, a bachelor’s degree in physics is a good starting point.
On average, Data Scientists earn up to N500,000 per month in Nigeria while they earn up to $102,000 per year in the United States.
A laser engineer is a type of electrical engineer who specializes in laser manufacturing equipment and lasers themselves, as well as in specialized areas such as advanced optics.
As a laser engineer, your responsibilities include monitoring laser systems, optimizing laser output, and researching laser performance issues. Electrical engineers who design, manufacture, develop, and test electrical equipment are also laser engineers.
Generally, a laser engineer reports on his or her duties to an operations manager. A degree in electrical engineering is the minimum educational requirement for this course.
Laser Engineers in Nigeria can earn up to N300,000 per month. The average salary of laser engineers in the United States is $109,000 per year.
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Physics teachers are in charge of developing lesson plans, tests, and other materials to teach high school students about the laws of physics. Some teachers may also tutor students after school or run extracurricular clubs for students who want to put their physics lessons into practice. Teachers, in addition to a physics degree, must be licensed to practice.
Teachers in Nigeria earn up to N250,000 on average. In the United States, Teachers earn up to $67,000 on average per year.
The study of optics is known as optical engineering. Optical engineers work on the design of optical components such as lenses, telescopes, and microscopes.
Also, they are in charge of developing optical devices for use in eyewear, cameras, telescopes, and lasers. as well as the machinery used to make them. A degree in physics, mechanical or electronic engineering can help you get a job in optical engineering.
The average salary of optical engineers in Nigeria is N286,000. However, in the United States, Optical Engineers earn up to $106,000 per year.
A research associate is a scientist who studies different physics concepts. They collaborate with scientists or on any science project requiring analysis. A research associate works in the research department of an investment bank, asset management firm, or other financial services firm to collect, organize, and synthesize data to assist decision-makers in the firm’s sales and trading function.
To become a research associate in physics, you must first obtain a BSc in physics, then an MSc in physics, an MPhil, and finally a Ph.D.
Research Associates can earn up to N250,000 per month in Nigeria and can earn up to $55,000 per year in the United States.
A gravity researcher studies the concept of gravity in order to provide gravitational shielding, as well as to study monuments and architecture. To become a gravity researcher, you must first obtain a postdoctoral fellowship in physics.
Researchers generally in Nigeria can earn up to N90,000 a month and can earn up to $70,000 per year in the United States.
A meteorologist is responsible for analyzing and forecasting the weather. They study weather and climate patterns, which they are trained to do because of their background, which is typically in physics. Many senior meteorologists have a bachelor’s degree or higher.
The salaries of Meteorologists in Nigeria are within the range of N280,000 to N784,000. However, in the United States, they can earn up to $70,000 per year.
Process engineers design the materials and methods used to create scientific products such as solar panels. A physics degree is advantageous because they must understand how different materials interact as well as how various methods are used to create functional and efficient products.
While most employers of process engineers prefer those with advanced degrees, process engineers typically begin with degrees in disciplines such as physics.
Engineers in Nigeria earn up to N300,000 per month on average. In the United States, they earn up to $109,000 per year.
Engineer in Aerospace Systems
In a nutshell, aerospace systems engineers research the physics of flight. Their duties include designing, developing, testing, maintaining, and repairing aerospace systems. They are typically employed in industries that require workers to design or build aircraft, spacecraft, national defense systems, or missiles.
Aerospace Engineers in Nigeria earn up to N450,000 per month in Nigeria and up to $86,000 a year in the United States.
A professor is someone who teaches students beyond high school in a wide range of academic and vocational subjects. In addition, they conduct research and publish scholarly papers and books. They work in public and private colleges and universities, professional schools, junior or community colleges, and vocational and career schools.
Professors in Nigeria earn up to N5,000,000 per year in Nigeria and up to $67,000 per year in the United States.
Final Notes on Career Opportunities in Physics
These among many others are career paths in physics you can pursue, making it a great choice for anyone who wants to study physics or further their education in the field. These jobs pay well and employees are often looked for in the field.
So if you are looking to pursue a career in Physics, the above list of career opportunities in physics are some of the high paying, jobs among many others, that you can land and sustain a good living with.
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